Saturday, October 9, 2021
Vacation News for the USA


Nationwide Parks Quiz And Trivia #38: The Nice Basin Version

Dawn at Mather Overlook, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson On the heels of my go to to Yosemite…

By Staff , in National Parks , at October 9, 2021

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Dawn at Mather Overlook, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

On the heels of my go to to Yosemite Nationwide Park in California, I drove 5 hours to Nice Basin Nationwide Park in Nevada to see what this over-77,100-acre park supplied. I discovered fairly a bit throughout my quick keep and share it with you within the type of this quiz and trivia piece. See how a lot you realize earlier than checking the solutions on the backside.

1. Nice Basin Nationwide Park will get its identify from “the massive geographic space the place waters haven’t any outlet to the ocean. Streams and rivers drain into shallow salt lakes, marshes, and dirt flats, ultimately evaporating within the dry desert air.” True or False: Nice Basin is one big basin.

              a) True

              b) False

2. In 1986, Congress put aside Nice Basin Nationwide Park to guard and protect:

              a) The Sierra Nevada Vary

              b) The South Snake Vary

              c) The Wasatch Vary

              d) The San Jacinto Vary

Wheeler Peak, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

3. True or False: Wheeler Peak is the tallest mountain within the central Nice Basin.

              a) True

              b) False

A room stuffed with cave formations inside Lehman Caves, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

4. A go to to Nice Basin Nationwide Park is just not full till you’ve reserved a spot on a Lehman Caves guided tour. You’ll see all types of unusual and exquisite formations through the tour. These formations are collectively referred to as:

              a) Speleothems

              b) Flowstone

              c) Cave pearls

              d) Pool deposits

5. True or False: Weddings have been as soon as carried out in Lehman Caves.

              a) True

              b) False

Mountaineering the Bristlecone Path, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

6. One other must-do merchandise when visiting Nice Basin is to hike a path to one of many park’s Nice Basin Bristlecone pine groves. Probably the most accessible of those groves is reached through the Bristlecone Path situated on the finish of Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive, however this isn’t the one grove to which you’ll hike. What number of groves are you able to hike to on this nationwide park?

              a) Three

              b) 4

              c) 5

              d) Six

7. Nice Basin Nationwide Park is dwelling to 1 native fish species:

              a) Lahonton cutthroat trout

              b) Rainbow trout

              c) Brown trout

              d) Bonneville cutthroat trout

8. Nice Basin Nationwide Park has ____ zones of habitat.

              a) 4

              b) 5

              c) Six

              d) Seven

A spiky white flower, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

9. Whereas sitting in my automobile on the Lehman Caves Customer Heart, I seen this lovely, however somewhat spiky, white flower rising in one of many car parking zone medians in addition to alongside the street. I solely noticed it there, and nowhere else within the park. Doesn’t imply it wasn’t rising elsewhere – I simply didn’t see it wherever else. I later came upon this flower known as ____.

                a) Thorny cup

                b) Prickly poppy

                c) White thistle

                d) Beeweed

A busy little hummingbird, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

10. ____ species of birds have been reported inside Nice Basin Nationwide Park and neighborhood.

              a) 133

              b) 253

              c) 367

              d) 415

Trivia

A particular type of cave formation in Lehman Caves, Great Basin National Park / Rebecca Latson

Cave shields within the early levels in Lehman Caves, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

Cave shields at a later stage of improvement in Lehman Caves, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

Pictured above are a selected kind of speleothem referred to as “cave shields.” Initially, they appear to be that first picture: a few discs start to type from two parallel plates of calcite with a really skinny crack between the plates – you may not even be capable to see the crack. As calcium carbonate-laden water begins to stream between these shields, the water acts very similar to the spray you get while you maintain your thumb down excessive of a hose. Because the mineral-laden water initially beneath stress is now launched into the ambiance, the calcite precipitates out and accumulates, drop-by-drop, into the attractive flowing speleothem you see within the second picture. There are over 300 cave shields in Lehman Caves. To study extra about cave shields, click on right here.

The form and placement of Bristlecone pine needles, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

The form and placement of Limber pine needles, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

Whenever you go to a bristlecone grove, it’s possible you’ll encounter limber pines and bristlecones rising aspect by aspect, since limber pines may develop at excessive elevations. One of the best ways to tell apart the Nice Basin Bristlecone pine from the Limber pine is to take a look at the needles, which on the bristlecones are about one-inch-long and develop in packets of 5. The needles utterly encompass the branches in tightly-bunched tufts. Additionally, the needles could lengthen again a foot or extra alongside the department, giving it the looks of a bottle brush. The creating cones are a deep purple coloration, which helps take up the solar’s warmth, after which, after two years the cones mature and switch brown in coloration. The tree will get its identify from these cones, whose scales are every tipped with a claw-like bristle—therefore, the “bristlecone.” The Limber pine bushes, then again, have needles in packets of 5 which are 1 1/2 to three inches lengthy, which solely develop towards the ends of branches. Additionally, the cones of the limber pine don’t have the trademark bristles.

The Milky Means over Doso Doyabi at Mather Overlook, Nice Basin Nationwide Park / Rebecca Latson

Amongst different issues for which Nice Basin Nationwide Park is understood is the star-studded evening sky above. In 2016, this park was designated an Worldwide Darkish Sky Park. “On a transparent, moonless evening in Nice Basin Nationwide Park, hundreds of stars, quite a few planets, star clusters, meteors, man-made satellites, the Andromeda Galaxy, and the Milky Means may be seen with the bare eye. The world boasts a number of the darkest evening skies left in the USA. Low humidity and minimal mild air pollution, mixed with excessive elevation, create a novel window to the universe.” Wherever inside the park is a superb place to sit down and watch (or {photograph}) the evening sky. Mather Overlook alongside Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive is fantastic and simply accessed. To study extra about stargazing by yourself on this park, click on right here. To study extra in regards to the park’s astronomy program, click on right here.

Quiz Solutions

1b False

“Nice Basin incorporates many smaller basins separated by mountain ranges working north to south. This undulating basin-and-range topography stretches throughout Nevada and into 4 different states.”

2b

Nice Basin Nationwide Park protects the South Snake Vary, “a small consultant piece of all the {Nice Basin] area.” To study extra in regards to the Nice Basin, the Basin and Vary area, and the Nice Basin Desert, click on right here.

3a True

Wheeler Peak, at 13,063 toes (3,982 m), is the tallest mountain within the central Nice Basin. In the event you really feel adventurous, you may take the trailhead simply off of Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive and hike 8.2 miles (roundtrip) to the Wheeler Peak summit. To find out how this mountain obtained its identify, click on right here.

4a

The collective identify for cave formations is speleothems. To study extra in regards to the speleothems present in Lehman Caves, click on right here.

5a True

Weddings have been carried out within the cave. Musical choices have been performed on the stalactites and stalagmites. To study extra in regards to the historical past of Lehman Caves, click on right here.

6a

There are three Nice Basin Bristlecone groves to which you’ll hike: Wheeler Peak Grove (probably the most accessible grove), Mount Washington Grove (the most important grove), and the Eagle Peak Grove. To study extra in regards to the bristlecones of Nice Basin Nationwide Park, click on right here.

7d

Bonneville Cutthroat Trout are discovered solely within the Nice Basin area, having advanced from different cutthroat trout species after the Bear River grew to become a tributary of Lake Bonneville 30,000 years in the past. This species can tolerate streams with excessive water fluctuations and a variety of water high quality situations higher than most different trout species. To study extra about “fish within the desert,” click on right here.

8d

Nice Basin Nationwide Park has seven main zones of habitats, relying on the elevation:

  • Intermountain Chilly Desert Scrub (under 5,000 ft.)
  • Sagebrush and Grasslands (5,000-7,000 ft.)
  • Piñon-Juniper Woodlands (6,000-8,000 ft.)
  • Blended Conifer Forest (7,000-10,000 ft.)
  • Subalpine (9,500-11,800 ft.)
  • Alpine (above 10,500 ft.)
  • Riparian (all through the park)

9b

“Prickly Poppy is the identify used for varied species of the Argemone Genus, all nearly indistinguishable from one another. Members of the Poppy Household are characterised by flowers with quite a few stamens and 4 to six petals. This very branchy, pale inexperienced plant grows to 4 toes excessive and is roofed with yellow pricklies. Lengthy, very lobed, spiny leaves resembling thistles develop to eight inches. All elements of this plant comprise alkaloids which are toxic. It is not uncommon all through the West as a result of not even cattle eat it. Varied nicknames for this flower are ‘thistle poppy,’ ‘chicalote,’ ‘cowboy’s fried egg.’ It’s discovered all through Southwest deserts, together with Nice Basin Desert.”

10b

Nice Basin Nationwide Park is a wonderful place to get pleasure from chook watching, as 253 species have been reported inside the park and the neighborhood, which incorporates Snake Valley and the north and south Snake Ranges. Click on right here for a listing of birds seen (final up to date 2017).

References

Along with the data discovered on the NPS.gov web site for Nice Basin Nationwide Park, I used the next as reference:

https://www.desertusa.com/flowers/prickly-poppies.html



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